Elements of Art Vocabulary

This includes all of the vocabulary specific to the elements of art.

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  • 1

    7th Grade: for the week of September 21

    Your words for this week will be everything associated with Color. Dont worry about the other elements of art yet, focus on color.

  • 2

    Check out the Quizlet for Elements of Art

    Go to the quizlet link listed below. You don't need to do anything but look at it right now. You might book-mark it so you can get to it easily.

Elements of Art Vocabulary

7 Elements of Art

  1. Line: A moving dot.

Contour lines-Lines that show you where an object ends (outlines)

Line quality-The thickness or thinness of a line

Cross Contour lines-lines that follow the contour or form of the object.

http://thevirtualinstructor.com/members/the-elements-of-art-line/

 

  1. Shape: A closed line that is limited in two directions, length and width.

Geometric Shapes-you can usually use math to find information about these shapes and these shapes generally have specific names associated with them. For example; square, hexagon, circle, triangle.

Organic Shapes-shapes that seem to follow no rules.

 

  1. Form: objects that are 3-Dimensional or have length, width and height.

Geometric forms-have specific names associated with them are typically man-made. For example; cone, cube, sphere, cylinder.

Organic forms-do not have specific names associated with them and are often associated with naturally occurring forms.

 

  1. Value: the lightness or darkness of a color.

Value Scale-a tool used to measure value

Tints-lighter values made by mixing pigment to white

Shades-darker values made by mixing black to pigment.

 

  1. Space: the area above, around and within objects.

Negative space-space around the main subject.

Positive space-space the main subject occupies.

Overlapping, size, placement, linear perspective, shading, detail and focus are the primary ways that artists use to create depth and space in an image.

http://thevirtualinstructor.com/members/the-elements-of-art-space/

 

  1. Color: in terms of art color refers to reflected light.

Color wheel-the color spectrum bent into a circle.

Primary colors- red, yellow, blue. These are called primary because they are used to mix all of the other colors in existence and these colors themselves cannot be created by mixing.

Secondary Colors-colors that are created by mixing equal part of two primary colors. These colors are orange, green and violet (purple).

Tertiary or intermediate colors-are created by mixing equal parts of a secondary color with a primary color. Tertiary colors are named according to the colors that are used to mix them listing the primary color first. They are; red-orange, yellow-orange, red-violet, blue violet, blue-green and yellow green.

Hue-an identifiable color from the color wheel.

Intensity-how pure or saturated a color is. Color intensity is adjusted by adding grays to the hue.

Neutral Colors- Neutral colors are created by combining complements to create muddy earthy tones. Neutral colors are neither warm nor cool.

Color schemes-are a systematic way that colors are put together in artworks according to their arrangement on the color wheel.

Monochromatic-consist of just one color and the tints and shades (value) of that color.

Complimentary-uses colors that are directly across from each other on the color wheel. These colors are opposites that work well together.

Analogous-three to five colors that are next to each other on the color wheel. Analagous color schemes provide harmonious color arrangements in drawing and paintings.

Triadic Color Scheme- three colors equally spaced on the color wheel.

Cool Color Scheme- greens, blues, violets. Typically associated with things that are cold.

Warm Color Scheme- red, yellow, orange. Typically associated with things that are warm.

Achromatic color scheme- A color scheme possessing no hue : being or involving black, gray, or white. In simple English: without color.

 

  1. Texture: the way something feels or look like it would feel.

Visual texture-an illusion of texture created by an artist also called 2D texture.

Actual texture-texture that can be physically touched and felt. Also called 3D texture.