This assignment is worth 105 points and consists of three parts, the Pattern_Rhythm_Movement_worksheet, this project and the Pattern Self Assessment. We will use the information you leaned in the Pattern, Rhythm and Movement worksheet. Click on the link if you would like a hard copy of the Pattern Instructions and Rubric. Before we start here is a review of some important terminology:
Shape: A two-dimensional area that is defined in some way such as an outline enclosing a solid color. While a form has depth, a shape has only height and width. Shapes are either geometric or organic (free-form).
Positive Spaces: Shapes or forms in two- and three-dimensional art.
Negative Spaces: Empty spaces surrounding shapes and forms. The shape and size of negative spaces affect the interpretation of positive spaces. Negative spaces are also sometimes called ground.
Pattern: One of the Principles of Design, A pattern is a two-dimensional, decorative surface quality.
Motif: A motif is each element that makes up the larger pattern. It is made up of one or more shapes. Motifs are the parts that are repeated over and over to create the pattern.
For this project, you will first design 15-20 motifs that fit inside a 1 inch square. Next, you will choose your favorite 5-7 motifs to repeat. These combined motifs will form your pattern by the interaction of the positive and negative spaces. The pattern will be created with black sharpie marker or colored pencils on white or colored paper. Before we get to step by step instructions let us have a look at the materials you will need.
Photocopied 1-inch grid (for designing 15-20 practice motif sketches)
8 ½ X 11” or larger white or colored paper (for the background)
2B pencil (to draw motifs)
markers or colored pencils
Step One: Design 15-20 Motifs
Before beginning your final project, you must first design 15-20 motifs on the photocopied 1-inch grid. Fill each box with a different motif (simple small designs that will become part of the pattern). Circles, half-moons, diamonds, triangles, letters, numbers, sports equipment, logos, or any other shapes will work well. Make sure that your motifs touch all four sides of the boxes or else you won’t be able to form the pattern. It is also a good idea to test motifs underneath one another as well as next to one another to see how the positive and negative spaces will interact in the final pattern.
Step Two: Chose Five and Turn-in Sheet
Once you have created 15-20 motifs, circle your favorite five and check the entire sheet in with me for points. Then decide the order you will draw them and create a separate “key” on another sheet of photocopied grid paper, assigning each motif a number.
Step Three: Chose Your Paper
Choose a piece of white or colored paper for your pattern. White paper can be easier to work with because you can see through it---you can easily trace your motifs by placing your key beneath the paper. Colored paper is a bit more challenging since you must rely on your eye for accuracy in the repetition of motifs.
Step 4: Mark Out Your Grid
Use your ruler to make one inch tick marks on all four sides of the paper so that you can connect the dots to accurately draw one inch squares that fill your entire paper. Draw the lines as lightly as possible---they will be erased at the end. If after marking your squares, you have extra at one or both of your paper’s edges, just trim it with the paper cutter so that all you can see are complete squares covering your paper.
Step Five: Support Your Main Points
Number a corner of each box lightly in pencil according to your motif key so that you know where each motif will go. You may choose from two numbering options:
A) The first row of boxes can read 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 1, 2, 3, etc. The next row of boxes underneath will read 2, 3, 4, 5, 1, 2, etc. The row underneath that one would then be 3, 4, 5, 1, 2, 3, etc.
B) Number the boxes from left to right starting with 1. When you reach the end of the first row, start the row underneath with the number that comes after the last number you used. For example, you end the first row on 3, so you’d start the next row with 4. If you ended on 4, you’d start with 5. Continue this pattern to the end of the last row.
Step 6: Draw Your Motifs
Using your motif key, draw each motif in its proper box with pencil. Be sure to draw each individual motif the same way you drew it in your key. Always use the key as a reference each time you draw a motif rather than looking at the previous row of your pattern.
Step7: Complete Your Pattern in Sharpie
1) Using sharpie markers or colored pencils, color each motif the same way, completing the pattern. Erase the pencil grid lines after you have completed coloring.
Step 8: Final Touches
8) Add more intricate (detailed) designs in a consistent manner if desired.
Step 9: Grading Rubric
15-20 motifs designed and checked in before beginning the final project. 10
Key turned in with pattern. 6
Grid lines must be drawn accurately. 10
Pencil lines drawn lightly to create grid and are erased well. 4
Motifs remain consistent with your key throughout the entire pattern. 20
Designs must be drawn and colored with care. Good craftsmanship 20
Assessment sheet 15
Pattern, Rhythm and Movement in Art Worksheet 20